Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that causes a person to have high blood sugar
Diabetes mellitus is a group of metabolic diseases that causes a person to have high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. It’s also a disease of the immune system.
Diabetes affects about 8 percent of the U.S. population or 25 million people. 285 million worldwide. It is estimated that half of all Americans will have diabetes by 2020.
High blood sugar produces the classical signs and symptoms of diabetes: thirst, hunger, weight loss, frequent urination…
Type 2 diabetes is a consequence of a seismic shift in lifestyle beginning about ten thousand years ago.
The shift was from hunting and gathering food to farming and raising animals, then eating the fruit of that labor. Before the shift, Neolithic hunter gatherers gorged food to store body fat in good times to ward off starvation in lean times. Body fat was life insurance!
Today, gobbling food in excess has developed into a pathology linked to obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. .
Type 1 Diabetes results from autoimmune destruction of insulin producing beta cells of the pancreas. Incidence varies from eight to 17 per 100 thousand in the U.S. It is fatal unless treated with insulin.