HomeVideoDiabetes mellitus (type 1, type 2) & diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) - causes & symptoms

Diabetes mellitus (type 1, type 2) & diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) - causes & symptoms



In this video I’ll explain you about
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period.[7] Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.[2] If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.[2] Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, or death.[3] Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, stroke, chronic kidney disease, foot ulcers, and damage to the eyes.[2]

Diabetes is due to either the pancreas not producing enough insulin or the cells of the body not responding properly to the insulin produced.[8] There are three main types of diabetes mellitus:[2]

Type 1 DM results from the pancreas’s failure to produce enough insulin.[2] This form was previously referred to as “insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (IDDM) or “juvenile diabetes”.[2] The cause is unknown.[2] Type 2 DM begins with insulin resistance, a condition in which cells fail to respond to insulin properly.[2] As the disease progresses a lack of insulin may also develop.[9] This form was previously referred to as “non insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus” (NIDDM) or “adult-onset diabetes”.[2] The most common cause is excessive body weight and not enough exercise.[2] Gestational diabetes is the third main form and occurs when pregnant women without a previous history of diabetes develop high blood sugar levels.[2]

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