Here Is How To Read A Blood Sugar Chart
Type 2 diabetes can creep up on you without you even knowing it. Watch for any of the following symptoms, if you see any of these, you should have your blood glucose level checked if:
-You have to urinate a lot
-You are thirsty all the time
-You lose weight for no reason
-Chronic tiredness or blurred vision
Any of the symptoms above could be the result of diabetes or it’s precursor, pre-diabetes and you should visit your health provider and have your blood sugar tested. The tests that your provider will likely run will include:
-Hemoglobin A1-C (abbreviated as HbA1c) – sometimes called glycated hemoglobin, a common screening test that evaluates how your blood sugar has been over time.
-Fasting Blood Glucose or FPG- a blood sugar test taken at least eight hours after a meal, sometimes called a fasting glucose level.
-Oral Glucose Tolerance – in this test, you care given a ‘challenge’ glucose drink and your blood sugar is then tested at hourly intervals.
All of the tests above will have to be ordered by your doctor; you can’t do these with any home testing. The first test that is normally run is the fasting glucose, and then the other tests like the HbA1c and tolerance tests are run if the first test is abnormal.
It’s possible to have a high fasting glucose test then normal results for the follow up blood tests if you are pre-diabetic, as your blood glucose is not high enough to register on all 3 tests.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels Chart
Here are the ranges considered normal for the three glucose tests mentioned above:
-Hemoglobin A1C(%): Around 5
-Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dl): below 99
-Glucose Tolerance Test (mg/dl): below 139
-Hemoglobin A1C(%) – 5.7-6.4
-Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dl): 100-125
-Glucose Tolerance Test (mg/dl): 140-199
-Hemoglobin A1C(%) – 6.5 or more
-Fasting Plasma Glucose (mg/dl): 126 or more
-Glucose Tolerance Test (mg/dl): 200 or more
Source: American Diabetes Association. Standards of medical care in diabetes-2012.
Note that these numbers are not the only thing your doctor will use to diagnose; your heath provider will consider all of your clinical signs as well as lab work when making a diagnosis.
Some other points you should know:
-If you are over 45, you should be tested for pre-diabetes.
-If you are obese and under 45, you should also best tested, particularly if you have any of the clinical symptoms mentioned above.
-If you take no action, pre-diabetes can develop into full Type 2 diabetes in 10 years.
-It’s easy for pre-diabetic patients to avoid full Type 2 diabetes by making small changes in their lifestyle, including diet and exercise.
Disclaimer: This article is sourced from information widely available in the medical journals and mainstream press that offer information on health. Nothing in this article should be construed nor is intended to serve as medical advice. For medical advice please ask your health care provider.
Source by Carl Ringwall