Kidney Disease Symptoms and Treatments : Kidney Transplant & Dialysis For Kidney Disease
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The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs that are located on either side of the spine. All waste products and excess water is removed from our blood by the kidneys. In short, the kidneys act as a filter for the body. Any disease that affects the kidneys, slowly reduces their capability of filtration. Hence waste products keep accumulating in the blood. A mathematical calculation based on the age, gender and race of the person is made, that gives the Glomerular Filtration Rate(GFR); the amount of blood purification the kidney can do, with respect to time. GFR is used to determine the state of health of the kidney and whether the person is in any of the CKD stages. For a normal person, the GFR is greater than or equal to 90 mL/min. Though there are various causes that can result in chronic kidney diseases, diabetes and high blood pressure are the most common. Various other reasons also result in CKD and the type of treatment is directed towards removing the root cause.
Here are some of the most commonly seen symptoms of kidney disease :
* Urination Disorders : Any disorder related to the way the kidney functions usually shows up in the form of malfunction(s) in the urinary system. The patient might feel a constant urge to urinate during nighttime, and may find it difficult to urinate at all, at times. There might occur what is known as hematuria (blood in urine) and the urine may be foamy or bubbly in appearance. Some patients might urinate in greater amounts than usual, while some may urinate less often, and in lesser quantity. Urine may be pale or dark in color.
* Fatigue : Fatigue is another common symptom. The reason it occurs is the kidneys’ inability to produce erythropoietin. When erythropoietin is not produced in appropriate quantity, it causes a dearth in the number of oxygen carrying red blood cells. This causes the brain and the muscles to suffer quick exhaustion thus, resulting in extreme fatigue. The low count of red blood cells may result in anemia, and this may cause the affected person to feel cold even in a warm weather. Not only this, anemia may further result in bouts of other problems, such as memory loss, trouble with concentration and dizziness.
* Itching and Nausea : Kidney disease hinders the function of the organ to remove wastes from the bloodstream. This results in the accumulation of wastes, which becomes evident with the occurrence of severe itching or in some cases, skin rashes. This build up of wastes in the blood may also lead to nausea or vomiting.
* Swelling : One of the important functions which the kidneys do for the body, is getting rid of excess fluid. So, it is certain that an unhealthy kidney system becomes inefficient to remove this excess fluid, and allows it to get accumulated. This results in symptoms such as swelling in the legs, feet, face, hands and ankles.
* Pain : It is common to hear patients complain against pain in the back, or side where the affected kidney is located. Some kidney diseases might result in the formation of cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys or the liver, and these trigger the pain.
* Breathing Problems and Bad Breath : The extra fluid which the kidney is unable to get rid of, can get accumulated in the lungs. This may cause shortness of breath. This may also be caused due to anemia, which may leave the body to starve for enough oxygen.
* People often complain against having a metallic taste in mouth, when they are suffering from any kidney disease. They also suffer from bad breath. These occur due to the build up of wastes in the blood.
Dialysis is a procedure that is recommended for people affected by kidney failure. The two commonly forms of dialysis are hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In hemodialysis, the process of cleansing of the blood is done by a special filter called a dialyzer. During this kidney dialysis process, the blood is routed through tubes into the dialyzer, which sifts out wastes, extra salt, and extra water. The clean blood is returned to the body through another set of tubes. The other technique called peritoneal dialysis, involves the use of body’s own tissue cells within the abdominal cavity to filter the blood. A special fluid is inserted into the abdominal cavity via a plastic tube called a catheter. The fluid moves around the intestines, and the intestinal walls act as a filter between this fluid and the bloodstream. This fluid helps in the removal of waste products and excess water from the body.