Top 5 Diabetes Complications
Top 5 Diabetes Complications list:
1. Cardiovascular disease
The No. 1 complication most likely to impact people with diabetes is cardiovascular disease (the term “cardiovascular” combining heart disease and stroke). Heart disease also happens to be the leading cause of death in people without diabetes. But people with diabetes need to be especially careful, and can drastically reduce their risk by keeping their blood glucose (BG) and blood pressure levels in check. The same is true for avoiding other complications of diabetes.
2. Diabetic retinopathy
Diabetic eye disease refers to a group of eye problems that people with diabetes may face as a complication of diabetes. All can cause severe vision loss or even blindness. Diabetic eye disease may include: Diabetic retinopathy – damage to the blood vessels in the retina. Cataract – clouding of the eye’s lens. Cataracts develop at an earlier age in people with diabetes. Glaucoma – increase in fluid pressure inside the eye that leads to optic nerve damage and loss of vision. A person with diabetes is nearly twice as likely to get glaucoma as other adults.
3. Kidney disease
High blood sugars seem to cause injury to the glomerulus of the kidney. With continued high blood sugars, glucose binds to proteins in the kidney over time, causing further damage. When there is an insult to the kidneys, a substance in the kidneys called renin is also activated, causing additional problems such as increases in blood pressure. There is a delicate balance between blood pressure and healthy kidneys that needs to be maintained in patients with diabetes where kidney disease is a very real risk. Blood pressure and cholesterol are important parameters to watch in order to help prevent or stop the progression of kidney damage.
4. Sexual dysfunction
For men, this mainly means erectile dysfunction, which can be caused by either blood flow problems or neuropathy. If blood does not flow properly to the area, men will have difficulty getting an erection even if they feel aroused. Neuropathy can also cause failure of the nerves to “pinch off the balloon” or contract, in order to hold in the blood necessary to maintain an erection. For women, problems are generally trouble lubricating, painful intercourse, or simply lost libido. In fact, diabetes can have a profound effect on female sexual function, in which case hormone creams and lubricants can be saviors. Women with diabetes are also very prone to yeast infections and urinary tract infections, which can cause a heap of discomfort and put a huge damper on your sex life.
5. Nerve damage (neuropathy)
The threat of neuropathy, of course, comes from the damage high blood sugar can produce throughout your body, including your nervous system. Diabetic nerve damage, or neuropathy, may be mild. Then again, it may lead to amputation or even be fatal. So it is essential you understand they types of neuropathy and take precautions to prevent this common complication from seriously complicating your life. Nobody is sure exactly how high blood sugar damages nerves, but doctors are sure about its symptoms, which depend on which nerves are damaged.