Type 1 Diabetes Symptoms, Causes and Treatment 2
In people with type I diabetes, the body’s immune system attacks and destroys pancreatic cells (Beta cells) that produce insulin. In people with type II diabetes, the pancreas is not attacked and usually produces insulin. However, people with type II diabetes, for numerous reasons, cannot use the available insulin effectively. People with type II diabetes can have the same symptoms as people with type I diabetes, but people with type I diabetes usually have the symptoms occur more rapidly.Researchers are not sure why a person’s immune system attacks its own insulin producing cells. However, researchers and clinicians suspect that genetic susceptibility and environmental factors raise the risk for developing type I diabetes. Scientists have identified genes and gene regions that raise the risk of developing type I diabetes, but they are not the only factors that cause the disease. Researchers suggest that environmental triggers such as a viral infection or perhaps dietary or pregnancy-related factors may also play a role in developing type I diabetes.lthough type I diabetes can develop at any age, about two-thirds of new cases are diagnosed in individuals under the age of 19. Researchers have noted two peak times for development of type I diabetes; the first is in early childhood and the second occurs at puberty. Type I diabetes affects males and females equally, and is more common in Caucasians than in other ethnic groups.Simple blood tests can indicate the presence of abnormal sugar levels in the blood. If a person has any symptoms of diabetes, a fasting blood sugar test or even a random blood sugar test is usually the first step in diagnosis. A hemoglobin A1c test can reveal average blood sugar levels for the past 2 to 3 months. In most cases these tests are repeated on at least two separate days. Other tests used are the glucose tolerance test or testing for certain specific antibodies in the blood.Unfortunately, undiagnosed or prolonged high blood sugar levels can result in damage to organ systems in the body over time. People with type I diabetes have a high risk of vision problems, heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, gum disease, tooth loss, and nerve damage (especially in the hands and feet). Other organs may also be damaged.For people with diabetes, complications that can damage organ can be prevented or reduced by regulating their blood sugar (glucose level). This is done by pricking the finger and putting a drop of blood on a test strip. The strip is in placed in a monitor that reads the glucose level. Close monitoring of glucose levels allows the individual to regulate their blood sugar by either medication if the sugar is high, or taking in sugar if the level is low. If a person with diabetes is able to keep blood sugar level in or near the normal range, they will decrease the likelihood of developing complications and have more energy and fewer problems related to diabetes.