Type 2 Diabetes
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So you just got back from the doctor’s office, and your doctor has informed you that you have type 2 diabetes. He explained to you what it was, but you still don’t understand it, so here is a general background guide.When you eat. When you eat foods, such as yummy chocolate and pasta, it gets digested by your stomach and the carbohydrates in the food get broken down into glucose. Your body needs glucose as energy to function. The stomach and small intestines absorb the glucose and release it into the bloodstream. In a healthy person, the pancreas’s beta cells secrete the hormone insulin which tell the cell doors to open up and let the glucose in. It specifically binds to insulin receptors which are embedded in the cell membrane. The receptors send a chemical message to GLUT 4 which opens up. Your cells than use the glucose to make energy. However, in your body, your cells produce insulin but the insulin can no longer bind to the receptors. This results in too much glucose in your blood stream even with the help of insulin. A healthy diet is required with diabetes. You should eat a variety of foods such as vegetables, whole grains, fruits, non-fat dairy products, beans, lean meats, poultry, and fish. Nutrients such as vitamins, minerals and fibers should also be taken in. These are good for your body. Foods less healthy for your body should be avoided such as sugar and carbohydrates. Fats should also be limited. Alcohol consumption should be limited, as well as salt intake. You should also eat smaller portions that are spread out over the day. Now that you have diabetes, monitoring your blood sugar is very important. You should check you blood sugar now and then even when your healthcare provider periodically orders a lab blood test to determine your blood sugar levels, usually an A1C test which is performed over 2 to 3 months. You should still self monitor blood sugar levels every day to control blood sugar levels. To do this, you should wash hands, prepare lancet, meter and test strip, use a lancet to obtain a prick of blood from your fingertip, apply blood to the test strip, and results will be shown on a meter.You should talk to your health care provider.This will tell you whether your treatments are working, and if you are treated with insulin, the results will help with appropriate doses. Exercise is also very important. Insulin sensitivity is increased with exercise which helps cells take in glucose. Muscle contraction allows cells to take in glucose every without insulin. The effects of exercise can vary, but exercise can lower glucose up to 24 hours after a workout. You should check your glucose levels to see to see your activity’s benefits. You will also meet with professionals. A dietitian will help discuss your diet, as he or she will be an expert on diet and nutrition. An endocrinologist will treat those with hormonal imbalances. Because insulin is a hormone and your insulin isn’t working properly, you will probably meet with him or her. An ophthalmologist specializes in eye and vision care. High blood sugar causes damage to small blood vessels in the retina. But don’t worry. Those with diabetes claimed that they didn’t know diabetes could occur to them, but now you’re educated. Thanks for watching.
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