Type 2 Diabetes - Finding Early Signs of Insulin Resistance Before Diabetes Sets In
Type 2 diabetes is defined as having elevated blood sugar but it is caused by insulin resistance which comes about even before high blood sugar readings, and HbA1c levels appear. Scientists at the University Hospital, Universidad Autonoma de Nuevo Leon in Monterrey, Mexico, and several other research facilities in the United States urge everyone together with their doctor to look for tell-tale signs their body is not responding properly to the hormone insulin.
In December of 2017, the journal Diabetes Therapy reported on what to look for before developing Type 2 diabetes…
- insulin resistance,
- non-alcoholic fatty liver disease,
- male baldness,
- acanthosis nigricans, and
- polycystic ovarian syndrome.
The above issues are all part of the insulin resistance clinical syndrome. Patients may present with any of these before going on to develop full-blown Type 2 diabetes…
1. Insulin resistance is found with a test called the two-hour glucose tolerance test. Health care personnel give a solution of sugar in water to the person undergoing testing. Two hours later they draw blood and measure both blood sugar and insulin levels. If the blood sugar level is within normal levels, but the insulin level is high, then there is insulin resistance. The pancreas is making more insulin to overcome the resistance. This is superior to measuring blood sugar levels because high blood sugar levels take place after insulin resistance develops. By the time…
- the fasting blood sugar climbs to 110 for a diagnosis of prediabetes, or
- 126 for a determination of Type 2 diabetes,
- insulin resistance has been going on for some time…
2. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, as the name implies, consists of too much fat in the liver cells. It is related to insulin resistance, as well as high blood pressure, abdominal fat, and high levels of blood fats.
3. Male baldness is often a function of genetics, but Type 2 diabetes can cause it as well. Some patients note their hair thinning at the same time they are given a diagnosis of prediabetes.
4. Acanthosis nigricans is a darkened, thickened area of skin seen in the neck area, underarms, and groin and is often noticed on people who are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes. Several studies have linked it to insulin resistance.
5. Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is diagnosed when the ovaries form liquid-filled sacs or cysts. It affects women in their childbearing years. Menstrual periods can be prolonged and facial hair may appear. The latter takes place because the female can make too much androgen or male hormone. It is known to develop in the presence of obesity and is considered a step toward the development of Type 2 diabetes.
Source by Beverleigh H Piepers