Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus:Diabetes Mellitus Types,Symptoms,Causes,Treatments
http://bit.ly/2dPwYDc Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus :Diabetes Mellitus Types,Symptoms,Causes,Treatments
Types of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, lifelong affecting the body’s ability to use the energy found in food. There are three main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes.
All types of diabetes mellitus have something in common. Normally, the body breaks down sugars and carbohydrates you eat into a sugar called glucose special. glucose fuel cells of your body. However, cells need insulin, a hormone, into the bloodstream in order to enjoy and use glucose for energy. With diabetes, either your body does not produce enough insulin, you can not use the insulin it produces, or a combination of both.
Since cells can not enjoy glucose accumulates in the blood. High levels of blood glucose can damage the small blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes or nervous system. That’s why diabetes – especially if left untreated – can eventually cause heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, blindness and nerve damage to the nerves in the feet.
Type 1 diabetes
Type 1 diabetes is also called insulin dependent diabetes. What it used to be known as juvenile-onset diabetes because it often begins in childhood.http://bit.ly/2dPwYDc
Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease. It is caused by the body attacks its own pancreas antibodies. In people with type 1 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce insulin damaged.
This type of diabetes can be caused by a genetic predisposition. It could also be the result of defective beta cells in the pancreas, which normally produce insulin.
A number of health risks are associated with type 1 diabetes Many of them stem from damage to the small blood vessels in the eyes (called diabetic retinopathy), nerves (diabetic neuropathy) and kidneys (diabetic nephropathy). Even more serious is the increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
Treatment for type 1 diabetes consists of taking insulin, that needs to be injected through the skin into the fatty tissue beneath. The methods of insulin injection include:
Insulin pens and cartridges pre-loaded using a fine needle
jet injectors using high pressure air to send a jet of insulin through the skin
Insulin pumps which dispense insulin through a flexible tube to a catheter under the skin of the abdomen
A periodic test called estimated blood glucose test of A1C in your blood during the three months prior levels. It is used to help identify the glucose level control in general and the risk of diabetes complications, including organ damage.http://bit.ly/2dPwYDc
Having type 1 diabetes requires major lifestyle changes including:
Frequent testing of sugar levels in the blood
Careful meal planning
Taking insulin and other medications as needed
People with type 1 diabetes can lead an active life long if carefully control their glucose levels, make the lifestyle changes necessary, and stick to the treatment plan.
Type 2 diabetes
At the moment, the most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes, accounting for 95% of cases of diabetes in adults. Some 26 million American adults have been diagnosed with the disease.
Type 2 diabetes used to be called adult-onset diabetes, but with the epidemic of obese and overweight children, more teens are developing type 2 diabetes Type 2 diabetes is also called non-insulin-dependent diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes is often a milder form of type 1 diabetes however that type 2 diabetes can still cause serious health complications, especially in the smaller blood vessels in the body that nourish the kidneys , nerves and eyes. Type 2 diabetes also increases the risk of heart disease and stroke.http://bit.ly/2dPwYDc
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces some insulin normally. But whether the amount produced is not sufficient for the needs of the body, or the body’s cells are resistant to it. insulin resistance or lack of sensitivity to insulin, which occurs mainly in fat, liver and muscle cells.http://bit.ly/2dPwYDc
People who are obese – more than 20% over their ideal body weight for their height – are at particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and related medical problems. Obese people have insulin resistance. With insulin resistance, the pancreas has to work too hard to produce more insulin. But even then, there is not enough insulin to maintain normal sugar.
There is no cure for diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can, however, be controlled with weight control, nutrition and exercise. Unfortunately, Type 2 diabetes tends to progress, and often medications for diabetes are needed.
An A1C test is a blood test that estimates the average levels of blood glucose during the previous three months. periodic A1C test may be recommended to see how well diet, exercise and medication are working to control blood sugar and prevent organ damage. The A1C test is usually done a few times a year.