What are the Symptoms of Diabetes? | Diabetes Symptoms - Diabetes Type 2 and Diabetes Type 1
What are the Symptoms of Diabetes?
Diabetes occurs when the body does not produce enough, or properly use insulin. Our bodies use insulin to convert carbohydrates into energy. Approximately 13 million Americans have been diagnosed with diabetes, though the cause is still unknown. Many doctors believe lack of exercise and excess weight are significant factors.
Many people do not know they are at risk for diabetes. If a person is under 65 and gets little or no exercise, or over 65, he may be a candidate for diabetes. If a person is overweight, has a family history of diabetes, or is Hispanic, African American, Asian American, Native American, or a Pacific Islander, he may be a candidate for diabetes. A woman who has given birth to a baby weighing more than nine pounds may also have a higher risk for diabetes.
Symptoms of diabetes include extreme thirst and hunger, weight loss, fatigue, frequent urination, general irritability, and blurred vision. Most people experience each of these symptoms from time to time, so they are easily ignored. If you or a loved one experiences some or all of these symptoms regularly, see your doctor about diabetes testing.
Pre-diabetes is a condition when blood sugar levels are elevated, but have not reached dangerous levels. Having pre-diabetes does not mean a person will ultimately have diabetes. Progression to diabetes can be avoided through weight loss, diet, exercise, avoiding tobacco, and lowering blood pressure and cholesterol levels.
To test for diabetes or pre-diabetes, a doctor will give a Fasting Plasma Glucose Test or an Oral Glucose Tolerance Test to determine blood sugar levels. After a fast, if blood sugar levels are above 100, a person may have pre-diabetes. If blood sugar levels are above 125, a person may have diabetes.
Treatment for diabetes includes insulin injections and a change in habits. Daily exercise and a healthy diet of fruit, vegetables and whole grains will help to prevent diabetes.
Diabetes is a condition in which the body fails to make or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone the body uses to convert starches, sugar, and other food products into energy for the body to use to allow it to function properly. The four major types of diabetes are Type 1, Type 2, gestational, and pre-diabetes.
World-wide, diabetes affects huge numbers of people. In the United States alone, over 6% of the population – roughly 18 million people – are diabetic. While the exact causes remain a mystery, researchers have discovered certain symptoms. These symptoms include extreme thirst and hunger, frequent urination, blurred vision, weight loss, fatigue, and irritability.
For people with Type 1 diabetes, insulin must be taken every day. A diabetic will generally administer the insulin shot using a syringe or have someone else administer the shot for him. This type is more common in Caucasians and in people who live in colder climates.
Type 2 diabetes can often be controlled by monitoring the food one eats and by partaking in regular physical exercise. Some Type 2 diabetics may also need to take insulin shots or pills to regulate their blood sugar levels. Obesity is a major factor in developing this form. If a person has an unhealthy diet of fatty food and exercises infrequently, he or she may be walking a path that will lead directly to this disease.
Pregnant women who become diabetic during their pregnancy have what is called gestational diabetes. This form of the disease affects approximately 4% of all pregnant women in the United States. Women who become diabetics during their pregnancy are likely to have a family history of the condition. Obesity again may play a factor.
Pre-diabetes is simply a term for an individual who has blood glucose levels higher than normal. People with this condition are not quite at diabetic levels, but are more likely to develop the disease.
Though children of diabetics will not necessarily inherit the disease from their parents, research has shown that these children are more likely to get it than children of non-diabetics. Type 1 is also less common in people who were breastfed as infants.
Diabetes is a serious disease which can lead to heart problems, strokes, loss of limbs due to poor circulation, and death. Research continues to indicate that regular exercise and a healthy diet are two factors which can help people avoid this condition.
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