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What are the Type of Diabetes and Treatment?

Diabetes mellitus is the set of related disease in which the body cannot regulate the amount of sugar in the body. Diabetes is a chronic disease characterized by the body’s inability to convert the food into energy. Diabetes is among people, it cannot exclaim as a age factor. It can be genetic. Diabetes prevalence has increased in last half of the century and certainly it will increase. It is believed diabetes is main criterion of most of the death every year. Diabet5es has emerged as a major health care problem in india. In  india life span have increased and so do the diabetic patients. According to the international diabetes federation, there are about 40 million diabetic patients in india, it is estimated by 2025 india will top the list of diabetic patient followed by china and USA by 2030.  It is estimated that every person born with diabetes will be an Indian. Due to these sheer numbers, the economic burden due diabetic patient in india is among the highest in world. Diabetes leads to morbidity and mortality.

Rapid urbanization and globalization have lead to drastic change in the living standards of people and have produced advancement in the social and economic front in the developing countries like that of india. The shift from traditional to modern lifestyle has affected the life both positively and negatively. In this sprint of life, people have adopted the western culture and this transition from traditional to modern lifestyle, consumption of diet rich in calories and fat combined with stress have compounded the problem further.  Indians develop diabetes at a very young age, between the age of 10-15 earlier than that of western region. An early occurrence of diabetes gives ample time to chronic complication of diabetes.
There are three types of diabetes
Type 1 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes
Gestational diabetes
Overweight, lack of exercise, family history and stress are likelihood of diabetes. Diabetes is the reason of adults blindness, end-stage renal disease, gangrene and amputation. When blood sugar level is constantly high it leads to kidney failure, cardiovascular problems, and neuropathy. Diabetic patient are 4 times mopre likely to have coronary heart disease and strokes. Gestational diabetes is more dangerous for pregnant women and her fetus. Diabetes mellitus is not completely curable but controllable to a greater extent. Diabetic patient should take utmost care of their diet, exercise routine, and medication. Diagnose diabetes was never a problem but Advances in diabetes research have lead to better ways of controlling it and treating its complication. Hence these include;
•    New improved Insulin and its therapy, (external and implantable insulin pumps) have advanced well to manage elevated blood sugars without any allergic reactions.
•    Oral hypoglycemic drug, control diabetes type 2.
•    New improved blood glucose monitor (new device for self blood glucose monitoring), and hemoglobin A1C laboratory test to measure blood glucose control during previous 3 months.
•    Effective availability of the treatments for affected body organs due to diabetes.
•    Better ways to manage mother and its fetus health during the gestational diabetes phase.


Source by Rammidas

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